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M28

Summary

Age: 29,023.7 ± 6,144.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! T195C! G1719A A6281G T6374C T10245C T15067C C16148T T16362C T16468C
Parent Branch: M
Descendant branch(s): M28a M28b

Background

Haplogroup M28 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 22,900 and 35,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M28 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 27 Aug 2008
02M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 14 Oct 2008
03M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 1 Mar 2009
04M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 10 May 2009
05M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 8 Jul 2009
06M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 28 Sep 2009
07M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 10 Nov 2009
08M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 21 Mar 2010
09M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 20 Jun 2010
10M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 10 Aug 2010
11M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 7 Feb 2011
12M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 20 Jul 2011
13M28152 195 1719 6281 6374 10245 15067 16148 16362 16468Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M28T152C! T195C! G1719A A6281G T6374C T10245C T15067C G16129A! C16148T T16362C T16468CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M28T152C! T195C! G1719A A6281G T6374C T10245C T15067C C16148T T16362C T16468CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M28T152C! T195C! G1719A A6281G T6374C T10245C T15067C C16148T T16362C T16468CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M28T152C! T195C! G1719A A6281G T6374C T10245C T15067C C16148T T16362C T16468CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M28 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

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Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|