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M2b

Summary

Age: 14,245.4 ± 3,926.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! C182T!! T195C! A1453G G2831t C3630T G5744A A6647G T9899C T13254C T14766C 16169.1C T16189C! C16320T
Parent Branch: M2
Descendant branch(s): M2b1 M2b2 M2b3 M2b4

Background

Haplogroup M2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,300 and 18,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M2b152 182 195 523-524d 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16183C 16189 16193.1C 16320Released 27 Aug 2008
02M2b152 182 195 523-524d 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16183C 16189 16193.1C 16320Released 14 Oct 2008
03M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16183C 16189 16320Released 1 Mar 2009
04M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16183C 16189 16320Released 10 May 2009
05M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 8 Jul 2009
06M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 28 Sep 2009
07M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 10 Nov 2009
08M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 21 Mar 2010
09M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 20 Jun 2010
10M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 10 Aug 2010
11M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 7 Feb 2011
12M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 20 Jul 2011
13M2b152 182 195 1453 2831T 3630 5744 6647 9899 13254 14766! 16169.1C 16189 16320Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M2bT152C! C182T!! T195C! A1453G G2831t C3630T G5744A A6647G T9899C T13254C T14766C 16169.1C T16189C! C16320TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M2bT152C! C182T!! T195C! A1453G G2831t C3630T G5744A A6647G T9899C T13254C T14766C 16169.1C T16189C! C16320TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M2bT152C! C182T!! T195C! A1453G G2831t C3630T G5744A A6647G T9899C T13254C T14766C 16169.1C T16189C! C16320TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M2bT152C! C182T!! T195C! A1453G G2831t C3630T G5744A A6647G T9899C T13254C T14766C 16169.1C T16189C! C16320TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016027Kumar et al., 2008M2b:146M2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 567, 3398, 4511.1T, 11376d, 12630, 15862G, 16183C, 16193.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070148IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070149IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070150IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070151IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070152IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070153IndiaUnspecifiedIndiaIndia
Hap10070154United StatesIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070155SingaporeUnspecifiedUnspecifiedSingapore
Hap10070156UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070157UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070158UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070159UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070160UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070161UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|