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M2a1

Summary

Age: 17,213.1 ± 4,329.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C
Parent Branch: M2a
Descendant branch(s): M2a1a M2a1b M2a1c

Background

Haplogroup M2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,900 and 21,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M2a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 27 Aug 2008
02M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 14 Oct 2008
03M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 1 Mar 2009
04M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 10 May 2009
05M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 8 Jul 2009
06M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 28 Sep 2009
07M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 10 Nov 2009
08M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 21 Mar 2010
09M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 20 Jun 2010
10M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 10 Aug 2010
11M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 7 Feb 2011
12M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 20 Jul 2011
13M2a1204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M2a1T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M2a1T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M2a1T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M2a1T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352CReleased 18 Feb 2016


mtDNA Haplogroup M2a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005915Chandrasekar et al., 2009M2a1:11914M2a1:203, 315.1C, 3652, 9254, 16086
Hap5005923Chandrasekar et al., 2009M2a1:1780M2a1:315.1C, 6164, 6392, 7337, 9804, 13928C
Hap5009372Hartmann et al., 2008noneM2a1:315.1C, 334, 8604, 9647, 14433, 14518, 16362
Hap5012451Rajkumar et al., 2005M2a1:152, 7961, 11083, 12810, 15670M2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2370, 5268, 9359, 14543
Hap5014487Sun et al., 2006M2a1:11914M2a1:203, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3531, 3915, 7298, 16086, 16111
Hap5014490Sun et al., 2006M2a1:152M2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 4868, 5206, 9438, 13359, 14179, 15244, 16180, 16292, 16362
Hap5016014Kumar et al., 2008M2a1:11914M2a1:203, 315.1C, 3652, 9254, 16086
Hap5019553Khan et al., 2014noneM2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2378, 6267, 7762, 11778, 13281, 14572, 16176, 16224, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070117CanadaBangladeshBangladeshBangladesh
Hap10070118IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070119IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070120IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070121United KingdomIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10070122United KingdomMauritiusMauritiusMauritius
Hap10070123Sri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri Lanka
Hap10070124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070125IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070126United StatesIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070127Sri LankaSri LankaUnspecifiedSri Lanka
Hap10070128Sri LankaSri LankaUnspecifiedSri Lanka
Hap10070129Sri LankaSri LankaUnspecifiedSri Lanka
Hap10070130Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoUnspecifiedTrinidad and Tobago
Hap10070131IndiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10070132UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070133UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070134UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070135UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070136UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070137UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070138UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10070139UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|