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M2

Summary

Age: 36,278.4 ± 6,086.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C447g T1780C A11083G T15670C G16274A
Parent Branch: M
Descendant branch(s): M2a M2a'b M2b M2c

Background

Haplogroup M2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 30,200 and 42,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 1 Mar 2009
04M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 10 May 2009
05M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 8 Jul 2009
06M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 28 Sep 2009
07M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 10 Nov 2009
08M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 21 Mar 2010
09M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 20 Jun 2010
10M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 10 Aug 2010
11M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 7 Feb 2011
12M2447G 1780 8502 11083 15670 16274 16319Released 20 Jul 2011
13M2447G 1780 11083 15670 16274Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M2C447g T1780C A11083G T15670C G16274AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M2C447g T1780C A11083G T15670C G16274AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M2C447g T1780C A11083G T15670C G16274AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M2C447g T1780C A11083G T15670C G16274AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|