Age: 13,366.8 ± 5,443.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C11151T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: G2b1
Descendant branch(s): G2b1a1 G2b1a2

YFull Info

Name: G2b1a
Age: 32200 to 16600 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 25300 to 14000 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: C11151T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup G2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,900 and 18,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup G2b1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
07 G2b1a 11151 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 G2b1a 11151 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 G2b1a 11151 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 G2b1a 11151 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 G2b1a 11151 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 G2b1a 11151 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 G2b1a 11151 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 G2b1a C11151T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 G2b1a C11151T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 G2b1a C11151T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 G2b1a C11151T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G2b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010234 China, People's Republic of Jiang et al., 2014 G2b1a G2b1a* none G2b1a:243, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6112, 9003A, 12236, 14924A, 15433, 16326, 16519
Hap5011268 Ko et al., 2014 G2b1a G2b1a* none G2b1a:4562T, 13975T, 16093N, 16519
Hap5011288 Ko et al., 2014 G2b1a G2b1a* none G2b1a:4562T, 13975T, 16519
Hap5015552 Zhang AM et al., 2008 G2b1a G2b1a* none G2b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 1555, 11353, 11778, 11887, 16463, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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