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Age: 14,045.7 ± 4,742.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T14200C
Parent Branch: G2a
Descendant branch(s): G2a1b G2a1c G2a1d G2a1e G2a1f G2a1g G2a1h


Haplogroup G2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 9,300 and 18,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup G2a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06G2a114200Released 28 Sep 2009
07G2a114200Released 10 Nov 2009
08G2a114200Released 21 Mar 2010
09G2a114200Released 20 Jun 2010
10G2a114200Released 10 Aug 2010
11G2a114200Released 7 Feb 2011
12G2a114200Released 20 Jul 2011
13G2a114200Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14G2a1T14200CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15G2a1T14200CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16G2a1T14200CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17G2a1T14200CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G2a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001930Behar et al., 2012bG2a1:152, 16227G2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8547, 10043, 14587, 15731R
Hap5010066Ingman et al., 2000noneG2a1:315.1C, 5634, 16234, 16519
Hap5014422Summerer et al., 2012G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:315.1C, 15236, 16519
Hap5016082Wang HW et al., 2008G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:173, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 13708, 16519
Hap5016083Wang HW et al., 2008G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:173, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 13708, 16519
Hap5016238Ji Y et al., 2008noneG2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7148, 11778, 16117, 16519
Hap5016450Ji F et al., 2012G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:3438, 16519
Hap5017254Sharma V et al., 2012G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:315.1C, 374, 6293, 16519
Hap5017257Sharma V et al., 2012G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:16519
Hap5017263Sharma V et al., 2012G2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:315.1C, 374, 6293, 16519
Hap5017518Yu et al., 2010bG2a1:16129, 16227G2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8087, 10742, 14071, 14484, 16086, 16368, 16519, 16526
Hap5022621Zheng et al., 2011G2a1:4833, 16129, 16227G2a1:4833N, 10873N, 11087, 15172, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047359Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10047360United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10047361United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10047364United StatesPolandPolandPoland
Hap10047365United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10047366United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10047367United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10047370Korea, SouthUnspecifiedUnspecifiedKorea, South

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|