Age: 12,910.6 ± 6,009.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T593C G9966A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: G1
Descendant branch(s): G1c1 G1c2


Haplogroup G1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 6,900 and 18,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup G1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01G1c593 9966Released 27 Aug 2008
02G1c593 9966Released 14 Oct 2008
03G1c593 9966Released 1 Mar 2009
04G1c593 9966Released 10 May 2009
05G1c593 9966Released 8 Jul 2009
06G1c593 9966Released 28 Sep 2009
07G1c593 9966Released 10 Nov 2009
08G1c593 9966Released 21 Mar 2010
09G1c593 9966Released 20 Jun 2010
10G1c593 9966Released 10 Aug 2010
11G1c593 9966Released 7 Feb 2011
12G1c593 9966Released 20 Jul 2011
13G1c593 9966Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14G1cT593C G9966AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15G1cT593C G9966AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16G1cT593C G9966AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17G1cT593C G9966AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010355Jinam et al., 2012noneG1c:315.1C, 636, 1719, 3277, 12519, 16093
Hap5015807Derenko et al., 2007noneG1c:315.1C, 2757, 11470, 12508N, 14956, 16255
Hap5016239Ji Y et al., 2008noneG1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 4973, 5333, 8161, 11778
Hap5022120Kong et al., 2003noneG1c:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2226, 15565, 16157, 16220
Hap5022620Zheng et al., 2011noneG1c:547, 4973, 8161

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047345United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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