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Age: 6,451.1 ± 4,521.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T150C! G4833A! C16214T
Parent Branch: G1a2'3
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup G1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup G1a3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01G1a3200 4833 16214Released 27 Aug 2008
02G1a3200 4833 16214Released 14 Oct 2008
04G1a3200 4833 16214Released 10 May 2009
05G1a3200 4833 16214Released 8 Jul 2009
06G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 28 Sep 2009
07G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 10 Nov 2009
08G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 21 Mar 2010
09G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 20 Jun 2010
10G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 10 Aug 2010
11G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 7 Feb 2011
12G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 20 Jul 2011
13G1a3150! 200 4833! 16214Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14G1a3T150C! A200G G4833A! C16214TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15G1a3T150C! A200G G4833A! C16214TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16G1a3T150C! G4833A! C16214TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17G1a3T150C! G4833A! C16214TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G1a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011868Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a3:315.1C, 524.1AC, 573.1XC
Hap5014765Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a3:153, 200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 7220, 9527
Hap5014823Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a3:153, 200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7220, 9527
Hap5014941Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a3:200, 315.1C, 6260, 14990

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047342Micronesia, Federated States ofUnited StatesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10047343United StatesJapanUnspecifiedJapan
Hap10047344United StatesUzbekistanUnspecifiedUzbekistan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|