Age: 5,892.5 ± 2,188.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4793G G11914A!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: G1a1
Descendant branch(s): G1a1a1 G1a1a2 G1a1a3 G1a1a4


Haplogroup G1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,700 and 8,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup G1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01G1a1a4793 11914Released 27 Aug 2008
02G1a1a4793 11914Released 14 Oct 2008
04G1a1a4793 11914Released 10 May 2009
05G1a1a4793 11914Released 8 Jul 2009
06G1a1a4793 11914Released 28 Sep 2009
07G1a1a4793 11914Released 10 Nov 2009
08G1a1a4793 11914Released 21 Mar 2010
09G1a1a4793 11914Released 20 Jun 2010
10G1a1a4793 11914Released 10 Aug 2010
11G1a1a4793 11914Released 7 Feb 2011
12G1a1a4793 11914Released 20 Jul 2011
13G1a1a4793 11914Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14G1a1aA4793G G11914A!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15G1a1aA4793G G11914A!Released 30 Sep 2012
16G1a1aA4793G G11914A!Released 19 Feb 2014
17G1a1aA4793G G11914A!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005477Bilal et al., 2008noneG1a1a:315.1C, 9753R, 11204
Hap5005546Bilal et al., 2008noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6533
Hap5010763Kazuno et al., 2005noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8227
Hap5010769Kazuno et al., 2005noneG1a1a:315.1C
Hap5011850Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:315.1C, 8610
Hap5011964Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5011971Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5011973Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:315.1C
Hap5011982Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5012018Mikami et al., 2013noneG1a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3954, 15813
Hap5014665Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3338
Hap5014683Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:194, 315.1C, 6533
Hap5014697Tanaka et al., 2004G1a1a:195, 16189G1a1a:315.1C
Hap5014700Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:315.1C, 6983
Hap5014702Tanaka et al., 2004G1a1a:195G1a1a:279, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5655, 9494
Hap5014712Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6533
Hap5014777Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3338
Hap5014834Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:315.1C
Hap5014860Tanaka et al., 2004G1a1a:152G1a1a:315.1C, 16086
Hap5015076Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:315.1C, 16275
Hap5015115Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:315.1C, 1393, 7124
Hap5015217Tanaka et al., 2004G1a1a:16189G1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015241Tanaka et al., 2004noneG1a1a:315.1C
Hap5015808Derenko et al., 2007noneG1a1a:315.1C, 10892N, 10898N, 16102, 16158
Hap5022613Zheng et al., 2011noneG1a1a:7646, 11549

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047319United StatesJapanJapanJapan
Hap10047320United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10047321United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10047322United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10047323United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10047324United StatesUnited StatesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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