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Age: 31,614.8 ± 5,193.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: G709A A4833G T5108C T16362C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M12'G
Descendant branch(s): G1 G2 G3 G4


Haplogroup G is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup M12'G. It was likely born in the East Asia around 32,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


Most researchers consider the birthplace of G to have been born in East Asia.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the G lineage between 26,400 and 36,800 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


This timeline is an overview of the G branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the G lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: G
Age: 32,000 ± 6,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began about 32,000 years ago in East Asia. There, this line became a founder in populations such as the Koryaks and Itelmen.Over time, members of this lineage have traveled to Korea and Japan. In a more recent migration, small numbers of women from this line have migrated west to Scandinavia and settled there and in the United Kingdom.

Today, this lineage is present most often in Korea (25 percent), Japan (18 percent), and China (5 percent). However, it is also present in Russia (1 to 2 percent). Geneticists have found it at trace frequencies of less than 1 percent in Sweden, Scotland, and England.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup G Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01G709 4833 5108 16362Released 27 Aug 2008
02G709 4833 5108 16362Released 14 Oct 2008
03G709 4833 5108 16362Released 1 Mar 2009
04G709 4833 5108 16362Released 10 May 2009
05G709 4833 5108 16362Released 8 Jul 2009
06G709 4833 5108 16362Released 28 Sep 2009
07G709 4833 5108 16362Released 10 Nov 2009
08G709 4833 5108 16362Released 21 Mar 2010
09G709 4833 5108 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10G709 4833 5108 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11G709 4833 5108 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12G709 4833 5108 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13G709 4833 5108 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14GG709A A4833G T5108C T16362CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15GG709A A4833G T5108C T16362CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16GG709A A4833G T5108C T16362CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17GG709A A4833G T5108C T16362CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup G Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 15:03 pm

2018-10-08T15:03:38+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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