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Age: 2,519.8 ± 2,515.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Northeast Africa or the Mediterranean
Mutations: A200G A11671G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M1b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M1b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between and 5,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1b1a
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Northeast Africa/Mediterranean
Blurb: This branch was born along the Mediterranean. Today it is present in Saudi Arabia, among the Bedouin, and in Italy.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup M1b1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 10 May 2009
05 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M1b1a 200 11671 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M1b1a A200G A11671G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M1b1a A200G A11671G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M1b1a A200G A11671G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M1b1a A200G A11671G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002444 Behar et al., 2012b M1b1a:16187 M1b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 316, 827, 16187d
Hap5003407 Behar et al., 2012b M1b1a:16187 M1b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 316, 16187d
Hap5012129 Pennarun et al., 2012 none M1b1a:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8281-8289d
Hap5012808 Raule et al., 2014 M1b1a:16187 M1b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 705, 12684R, 16187d, 16214
Hap5015655 Olivieri et al., 2006 none M1b1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5237
Hap5015656 Olivieri et al., 2006 M1b1a:16187 M1b1a:315.1C, 4336, 16187d
Hap5015939 Abu-Amero et al., 2008 M1b1a:16187 M1b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 1782-2026d, 2053-2559d, 4336, 15722-15843d, 16187d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070072United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070073United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070075United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 9:22 am

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