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Age: 8,761.9 ± 4,800.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Northeast Africa or the Mediterranean
Mutations: T12414C
Parent Branch: M1a3
Descendant branch(s): M1a3b1 M1a3b2


Haplogroup M1a3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 13,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a3b
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Northeast Africa/Mediterranean
Blurb: This step in your maternal lineage took place among a group of women who left the coastline of the Mediterranean for Eastern Europe. Today, this line is present in Slavic population groups and in the British Isles.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup M1a3b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a3b12414 16223Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1a3b12414 16223Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1a3b12414 16223Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1a3b12414 16223Released 10 May 2009
05M1a3b12414 16223Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1a3b12414 16223!Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1a3b12414Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1a3b12414Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1a3b12414Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1a3b12414Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1a3b12414Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1a3b12414Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1a3b12414Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a3bT12414CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a3bT12414CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a3bT12414CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a3bT12414CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a3b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009256Gonzalez et al., 2007M1a3b:13637M1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 709, 2438, 10885, 16093, 16148
Hap5012761Raule et al., 2014noneM1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5899.1CC, 9740, 15114M, 15238Y, 16172, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015645Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a3b:309.1CCC, 315.1C, 9740, 13928C, 16182C, 16183C, 16374C
Hap5015938Malyarchuk et al., 2008bnoneM1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3116, 12492, 12705, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5016795Malyarchuk et al., 2010anoneM1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3116, 12492, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5019349Cardoso et al., 2013noneM1a3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7594, 9039, 10475, 15930, 16183C, 16193.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070034United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10070035Costa RicaCubaSpainSpain
Hap10070036United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070037United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10070039United KingdomUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10070040United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10070041United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10070042United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 7:54 am

2018-08-25T07:54:40+00:00June 6th, 2016|