Age: 9,712.4 ± 4,972.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Ethiopia
Mutations: T593C C16260T C16320T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M1a2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M1a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 14,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a2b
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Ethiopia
Blurb: This branch was born in Ethiopia. Today, it remains restricted to the surrounding region.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 10 May 2009
05M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1a2b593 16260 16320Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a2bT593C C16260T C16320TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a2bT593C C16260T C16320TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a2bT593C C16260T C16320TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a2bT593C C16260T C16320TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012153Pennarun et al., 2012noneM1a2b:315.1C, 15757, 15894, 16129, 16183C
Hap5015639Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a2b:200, 309.1C, 315.1T, 8392, 9196, 13149T, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015640Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a2b:200, 315.1T, 8392, 9196, 13149T, 15431, 16129, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015641Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a2b:315.1C, 1708T, 8670R, 12964A, 15119, 16129, 16182C, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070005United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10070008West BankWest BankUnspecifiedWest Bank

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 7:36 am

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