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Age: 16,732.9 ± 4,051.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Northeast Africa or the Mediterranean
Mutations: G15884A
Parent Branch: M1a
Descendant branch(s): M1a2a M1a2b


Haplogroup M1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,700 and 20,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a2
Age: About 19,000 Years Ago
Origin: Northeast Africa/Mediterranean
Blurb: This branch was born about 19,000 years ago. Women from this lineage have over time spread and are now present from Georgia in the Caucasus to Italy along the Mediterranean. They are present as far into Africa as Ethiopia.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a215884Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1a215884Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1a215884Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1a215884Released 10 May 2009
05M1a215884Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1a215884Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1a215884Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1a215884Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1a215884Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1a215884Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1a215884Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1a215884Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1a215884Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a2G15884AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a2G15884AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a2G15884AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a2G15884AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.


Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011032Kivisild et al., 2006M1a2:146, 152, 247, 16187, 16230, 16249, 16278M1a2:1-435d, 593, 8392, 9196, 13149T, 16022-16569d
Hap5015642Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1282, 1438, 2056, 2581, 2858, 14020, 15401, 16182, 16265C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 6:45 am

2018-08-25T06:45:36+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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