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Age: 5,244.5 ± 4,416.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Ethiopia
Mutations: C150T C8270T 8281-8289d
Parent Branch: M1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M1a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 9,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a1d
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Ethiopia
Blurb: This lineage was born in Ethiopia. It is nearly exclusive to the surrounding region.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1d Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a1d150 523-524d 8281-8289dReleased 27 Aug 2008
02M1a1d150 523-524d 8281-8289dReleased 14 Oct 2008
03M1a1d150 8281-8289dReleased 1 Mar 2009
04M1a1d150 8281-8289dReleased 10 May 2009
05M1a1d150 8281-8289dReleased 8 Jul 2009
06M1a1d150 8281-8289dReleased 28 Sep 2009
07M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 10 Nov 2009
08M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 21 Mar 2010
09M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 20 Jun 2010
10M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 10 Aug 2010
11M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 7 Feb 2011
12M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 20 Jul 2011
13M1a1d150 8270 8281-8289dReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a1dC150T C8270T 8281-8289dReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a1dC150T C8270T 8281-8289dReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a1dC150T C8270T 8281-8289dReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a1dC150T C8270T 8281-8289dReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5015626Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1d:198, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5015627Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1d:198, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16241
Hap5015628Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1d:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 370, 523-524d, 3531, 5108, 6719, 16172, 16183C
Hap5015629Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 11288, 16193.1CC, 16207, 16255

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 6:35 am

2018-08-25T06:35:36+00:00June 6th, 2016|