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Age: 0.0 ± 11,692.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Ethiopia
Mutations: G1719A G6962A G9966A A12373G A13542c
Parent Branch: M1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M1a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 11,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a1c
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Ethiopia
Blurb: This branch was born in Ethiopia. It is nearly exclusive to the surrounding region.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 27 Aug 2008
02M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 14 Oct 2008
03M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 1 Mar 2009
04M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 10 May 2009
05M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 8 Jul 2009
06M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 28 Sep 2009
07M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 10 Nov 2009
08M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 21 Mar 2010
09M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 20 Jun 2010
10M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 10 Aug 2010
11M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 7 Feb 2011
12M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 20 Jul 2011
13M1a1c1719 6962 9966 12373 13542CReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a1cG1719A G6962A G9966A A12373G A13542cReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a1cG1719A G6962A G9966A A12373G A13542cReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a1cG1719A G6962A G9966A A12373G A13542cReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a1cG1719A G6962A G9966A A12373G A13542cReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000414Behar et al., 2008anoneM1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015624Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16193.1CC
Hap5015625Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 6:33 am

2018-08-25T06:33:09+00:00June 6th, 2016|