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Age: 12,910.6 ± 3,340.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Northeast Africa or the Mediterranean
Mutations: G3705A C12346T T16359C
Parent Branch: M1a
Descendant branch(s): M1a1a M1a1b M1a1c M1a1d M1a1e M1a1f M1a1g M1a1h M1a1i


Haplogroup M1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,600 and 16,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: M1a1
Age: About 13,000 Years Ago
Origin: Northeast Africa/Mediterranean
Blurb: This branch was born around 13,000 years ago. Descendants of this lineage spread across much of North Africa and the shores of the Mediterranean, reaching the Levant region.

Today, this line is most common in Ethiopian Jews (20 percent), Algeria (14 percent), and Somalia (11 percent).

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1a13705 12346 16359Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1a13705 12346 16359Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1a13705 12346 16359Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1a13705 12346 16359Released 10 May 2009
05M1a13705 12346 16359Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1a13705 12346 16359Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1a13705 12346 16359Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1a13705 12346 16359Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1a13705 12346 16359Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1a13705 12346 16359Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1a13705 12346 16359Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1a13705 12346 16359Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1a13705 12346 16359Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1a1G3705A C12346T T16359CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1a1G3705A C12346T T16359CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1a1G3705A C12346T T16359CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1a1G3705A C12346T T16359CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009235Gonder et al., 2006M1a1:12403M1a1:183, 315.1C, 6944, 10873, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5009244Gonder et al., 2006M1a1:489, 14110M1a1:309.1CC, 9055, 10841, 10881G, 12561, 16129
Hap5009260Gonzalez et al., 2007noneM1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15930, 16260, 16399C
Hap5015631Olivieri et al., 2006M1a1:13105M1a1:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6056, 6851, 10506, 15115, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5015632Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1a1:315.1C, 13759, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015633Olivieri et al., 2006M1a1:152M1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2061, 11151, 11560, 11821T, 16182C, 16183C, 16209

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069942United StatesUnited StatesGreeceGreece
Hap10069943United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10069944United StatesUnited StatesLebanonLebanon
Hap10069945United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10069946United StatesUnited States TerritoriesRussiaRussia
Hap10069947United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10069948United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10069949United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 4:54 am

2018-08-25T04:54:03+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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