Age: 11,972.3 ± 3,523.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: (C198T) C14340T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M11
Descendant branch(s): M11a1 M11a2

YFull Info

Name: -
Age: -
Expansion: -
 Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup M11a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,400 and 15,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M11a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 M11a 14340 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M11a 14340 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M11a 14340 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M11a 14340 Released 10 May 2009
05 M11a 14340 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M11a1 14340 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M11a 14340 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M11a 14340 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M11a 14340 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M11a 198 14340 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M11a 198 14340 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M11a 198 14340 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M11a 198 14340 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M11a C198T C14340T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M11a (C198T) C14340T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M11a (C198T) C14340T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M11a (C198T) C14340T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M11a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005965 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M11a M11a* none M11a:257, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3394, 13934, 16457, 16519
Hap5018454 Russia Derenko et al., 2012 M11a M11a* none M11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 739, 7118, 12756, 13768A, 16519
Hap5022125 China, People's Republic of Kong et al., 2003 M11a M11a* M11a:200 M11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 10658, 11860A, 14488, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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