Age: 9,265.3 ± 6,518.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A200G A16066G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M10a
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: M10a2
Age: 26900 to 17600 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: A200G A16066G

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup M10a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,700 and 15,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M10a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 M10a2 16066 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M10a2 16066 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M10a2 16066 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M10a2 16066 Released 10 May 2009
05 M10a2 16066 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M10a2 16066 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M10a2 16066 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M10a2 16066 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M10a2 16066 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M10a2 16066 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M10a2 16066 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M10a2 16066 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M10a2 16066 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M10a2 A16066G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M10a2 A16066G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M10a2 A200G A16066G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M10a2 A200G A16066G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M10a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014922 Japan Tanaka et al., 2004 M10a2 M10a2 none M10a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8919, 12360, 16320
Hap5018477 Russia Derenko et al., 2012 M10a2 M10a2 none M10a2:315.1C, 11272, 14569
Hap5018488 Russia Derenko et al., 2012 M10a2 M10a2 none M10a2:315.1C, 4012, 16145
Hap5023393 Zheng et al., 2011 M10a2 M10a2:573.1XC M10a2:567.1N, 3882, 14569

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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