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Age: 9,452.7 ± 4,012.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A15218G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M10a
Descendant branch(s): M10a1a M10a1b


Haplogroup M10a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,400 and 13,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M10a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M10a1523-524d 13135 16093 16357 16497Released 27 Aug 2008
02M10a1523-524d 13135 16093 16357 16497Released 14 Oct 2008
03M10a113135 16093 16357 16497Released 1 Mar 2009
04M10a113135 16093 16357 16497Released 10 May 2009
05M10a113135 16093 16357 16497Released 8 Jul 2009
06M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 28 Sep 2009
07M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 10 Nov 2009
08M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 21 Mar 2010
09M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 20 Jun 2010
10M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 10 Aug 2010
11M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 7 Feb 2011
12M10a113135 16093 16129 16357 16497Released 20 Jul 2011
13M10a113135 16129Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M10a1G13135A G16129A!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M10a1G13135AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M10a1A15218GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M10a1A15218GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M10a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014402Summerer et al., 2012M10a1:195M10a1:94, 152Y, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 1193, 3945, 4820, 4976, 9180, 13992
Hap5015106Tanaka et al., 2004M10a1:3172.1CM10a1:10, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13477, 14311, 14870

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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