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Age: 5,444.9 ± 3,993.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5580C
Parent Branch: L3e2b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L3e2b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,500 and 9,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L3e2b1a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

13L3e2b1a15580Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L3e2b1a1T5580CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L3e2b1a1T5580CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L3e2b1a1T5580CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3e2b1a1T5580CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3e2b1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004275Behar et al., 2012bL3e2b1a1:16278L3e2b1a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 11722, 15930, 16274
Hap5010150Ingman et al., 2000noneL3e2b1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 408A, 11017, 11722, 12850, 14580, 15932, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5010636Just et al., 2008noneL3e2b1a1:315.1C, 11337, 16193.1N
Hap5010638Just et al., 2008noneL3e2b1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 4209, 11654, 11722, 12285, 16193.1N
Hap5018499Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL3e2b1a1:185T, 315.1C, 11722, 12172, 15047, 16093
Hap5023318Zheng et al., 2012noneL3e2b1a1:315.1C, 3882, 5210, 6480, 11722, 16145
Hap5023319Zheng et al., 2012noneL3e2b1a1:3882, 5210, 6480, 11722, 16145
Hap5023320Zheng et al., 2012noneL3e2b1a1:3882, 5210, 6480, 11722, 16145

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069368United StatesNetherlands AntillesNetherlands AntillesNetherlands Antilles
Hap10069369United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10069370United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10069371United StatesNigeriaUnspecifiedNigeria
Hap10069372United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|