Age: 1,047.7 ± 2,439.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A1737G C3852T C7196T A15924G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3e2a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L3e2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,500 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L3e2a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

07L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 10 Nov 2009
08L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 21 Mar 2010
09L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 20 Jun 2010
10L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 10 Aug 2010
11L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 7 Feb 2011
12L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 20 Jul 2011
13L3e2a1a1737 3852 7196 15924Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L3e2a1aA1737G C3852T C7196T A15924GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L3e2a1aA1737G C3852T C7196T A15924GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L3e2a1aA1737G C3852T C7196T A15924GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3e2a1aA1737G C3852T C7196T A15924GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3e2a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004340Behar et al., 2012bnoneL3e2a1a:315.1C, 3633, 9653
Hap5010641Just et al., 2008noneL3e2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5951R
Hap5010642Just et al., 2008noneL3e2a1a:309.1N, 315.1C, 1719
Hap5010839Kivisild et al., 2006L3e2a1a:146, 150, 152, 198, 247, 14869, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16320L3e2a1a:1-435d, 1737R, 1799, 2262, 8251, 16022-16569d
Hap5023294Howell et al., 2004L3e2a1a:16311L3e2a1a:315.1CC, 523-524d, 16146
Hap5023295Zheng et al., 2012noneL3e2a1a:315.1C, 2124, 2765N, 5774G

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069178United StatesUnited StatesColombiaColombia
Hap10069179United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10069180United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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