Age: 19,898.6 ± 4,207.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Africa
Variants: G5046A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3d1
Descendant branch(s): L3d1b1 L3d1b2 L3d1b3

YFull Info

Name: L3d1b

Age: 37000 to 24400 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: G5046A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup L3d1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Born between 15,700 and 24,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b), the woman who founded this lineage likely lived in East Africa. From there her descendants migrated to West Africa between 12,000 and 10,000 during the Holocene Climate Optimum (Barbieri et al., 2012a).

There are two published studies with members of this line. The first found a member in the Dominican Republic (Kivisild et al., 2006). The second study found the lineage in two Mande language speaking groups. These were a population in South Samo, Burkina Faso and a population of Mandenka from Senegal. (Barbieri et al., 2012a) There is also one citizen science donated sample from the genetic genealogy community, but it does not have demographic information (Behar et al., 2008b).

From the Geno 2 data set, there are two Caribbean participants. One is from Cuba and the other is from Puerto Rico.

Available information then links this branch with both early migrations across Africa and later participation in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade from West Africa to the Caribbean.

mtDNA Haplogroup L3d1b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 L3d1b 5046 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L3d1b 5046 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L3d1b 5046 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L3d1b 5046 Released 10 May 2009
05 L3d1b 5046 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L3d1b 5046 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L3d1b 5046 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3d1b 5046 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3d1b 5046 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3d1b 5046 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3d1b 5046 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3d1b 5046 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3d1b 5046 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3d1b G5046A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3d1b G5046A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3d1b G5046A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3d1b G5046A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3d1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000672 Behar et al., 2008b L3d1b L3d1b* L3d1b:16124 L3d1b:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2308, 3106N, 5036, 5894C, 5899.1XC, 6980, 11194, 13708, 15530, 15748, 16519
Hap5010814 Dominican Republic Kivisild et al., 2006 L3d1b L3d1b* L3d1b:146, 195, 247, 16124, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16311 L3d1b:1-435d, 523-524d, 5246, 5605, 6842, 16022-16569d
Hap5018764 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3d1b L3d1b L3d1b:7424 L3d1b:315.1C, 523-524d, 2903, 6266N, 6272N, 7424N, 9647, 10646, 16256, 16294, 16519
Hap5018817 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3d1b L3d1b4 L3d1b:195 L3d1b:315.1C, 523-524d, 6119, 10398, 13899, 14110, 14311, 16390, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068848 United States Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10068849 United States Puerto Rico Unspecified Puerto Rico

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: September 8, 2016 at 14:36 pm

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