Haplogroup L3b1a8 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. The woman who founded this branch was likely born in Africa after the branch's parent at the end of the last ice age.
What we know of the line comes from samples in three published papers and Geno 2.0 data (Herrnstadt et al., 2002, Howell et al., 2004, and Zheng et al., 2012). The first two papers have limited information about the samples' origins. The third paper extended testing of HapMap project samples. The three L3b1a8 samples in it all come from ethnic Yorubans.
One Geno 2.0 sample has a recent maternal origin of Cuba. Similar origins in the Americas are found in the parent branch. This is a strong indication that the line was brought to the new world as part of slave trade.
mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a8 Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|16||L3b1a8||C2332T G16145A||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||L3b1a8||C2332T G16145A||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a8 Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5009405||Herrnstadt et al., 2002||L3b1a8:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16145, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16362||L3b1a8:1-576d, 9533, 11401, 16024-16569d|
|Hap5009628||Herrnstadt et al., 2002||L3b1a8:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16145, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16362||L3b1a8:1-576d, 1977, 12705, 16024-16569d|
|Hap5023245||Howell et al., 2004||L3b1a8:195||L3b1a8:317.1C, 9533, 11401, 16093|
|Hap5023246||Howell et al., 2004||none||L3b1a8:317.1C, 523-524d, 575.1CC, 1977, 12705, 16295|
|Hap5023247||Zheng et al., 2012||L3b1a8:16129||L3b1a8:281, 523-524d, 5028, 9117, 9531, 11843|
|Hap5023248||Zheng et al., 2012||none||L3b1a8:309N, 310N, 316, 523-524d, 4769N, 6860N, 7193N, 9009, 12417N, 12418N, 12561, 13437|
|Hap5023249||Zheng et al., 2012||none||L3b1a8:7991N, 12561, 16192|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Herrnstadt, Corinna; Elson, Joanna L.; Fahy, Eoin; Preston, Gwen; Turnbull, Douglass M.; Anderson, Christen; Ghosh, Soumitra S.; Olefsky, Jerrold M.; Beal, M. Flint; Davis, Robert E. & Howell, Neil (2002). Reduced-median-network analysis of complete mitochondrial DNA coding-region sequences for the major African, Asian, and European haplogroups. American journal of human genetics, 70(5), 1152-1171.
- Howell, N., Elson, J. L., Turnbull, D. M., & Herrnstadt, C. (2004). African Haplogroup L mtDNA Sequences Show Violations of Clock-like Evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 21(10), 1843-1854.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, H. X., Yan, S., Qin, Z. D., & Jin, L. (2012). MtDNA analysis of global populations support that major population expansions began before Neolithic Time. Nature Scientific Reports, 2, -.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup L3
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup L3
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Peoples: Yorubans | Places: Cuba
Last Updated: Last updated: July 1, 2016 at 21:59 pm