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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Africa
Mutations: C2332T G16145A
Parent Branch: L3b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L3b1a8 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. The woman who founded this branch was likely born in Africa after the branch's parent at the end of the last ice age.

What we know of the line comes from samples in three published papers and Geno 2.0 data (Herrnstadt et al., 2002, Howell et al., 2004, and Zheng et al., 2012). The first two papers have limited information about the samples' origins. The third paper extended testing of HapMap project samples. The three L3b1a8 samples in it all come from ethnic Yorubans.

One Geno 2.0 sample has a recent maternal origin of Cuba. Similar origins in the Americas are found in the parent branch. This is a strong indication that the line was brought to the new world as part of slave trade.


mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a8 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16L3b1a8C2332T G16145AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3b1a8C2332T G16145AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a8 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009405Herrnstadt et al., 2002L3b1a8:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16145, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16362L3b1a8:1-576d, 9533, 11401, 16024-16569d
Hap5009628Herrnstadt et al., 2002L3b1a8:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16145, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16362L3b1a8:1-576d, 1977, 12705, 16024-16569d
Hap5023245Howell et al., 2004L3b1a8:195L3b1a8:317.1C, 9533, 11401, 16093
Hap5023246Howell et al., 2004noneL3b1a8:317.1C, 523-524d, 575.1CC, 1977, 12705, 16295
Hap5023247Zheng et al., 2012L3b1a8:16129L3b1a8:281, 523-524d, 5028, 9117, 9531, 11843
Hap5023248Zheng et al., 2012noneL3b1a8:309N, 310N, 316, 523-524d, 4769N, 6860N, 7193N, 9009, 12417N, 12418N, 12561, 13437
Hap5023249Zheng et al., 2012noneL3b1a8:7991N, 12561, 16192

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Yorubans | Places: Cuba

Last Updated: Last updated: July 1, 2016 at 21:59 pm

2016-07-01T21:59:46+00:00June 6th, 2016|