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Age: 13,931.5 ± 3,095.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A11002G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3b1
Descendant branch(s): L3b1a1 L3b1a10 L3b1a11 L3b1a2 L3b1a3 L3b1a4 L3b1a5 L3b1a6 L3b1a7 L3b1a8 L3b1a9


Haplogroup L3b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,800 and 17,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L3b1a 11002 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L3b1a 11002 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L3b1a 11002 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L3b1a 11002 Released 10 May 2009
05 L3b1a 11002 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L3b1a 11002 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L3b1a 11002 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3b1a 11002 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3b1a 11002 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3b1a 11002 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3b1a 11002 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3b1a 11002 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3b1a 11002 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3b1a A11002G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3b1a A11002G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3b1a A11002G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3b1a A11002G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000499 Behar et al., 2008b none L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 4917, 7772, 8772, 13862, 15434
Hap5000588 Behar et al., 2008b L3b1a:152, 15311, 16362 L3b1a:315.1C, 372, 523-524d, 3106N, 8347, 15119, 15900
Hap5001739 Behar et al., 2012b L3b1a:195 L3b1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 521-524d, 7160, 10538, 10786, 16256
Hap5004719 Behar et al., 2012b none L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 6249, 8860, 14004, 15386G, 15851
Hap5005111 Behar et al., 2012b L3b1a:15311, 16362 L3b1a:315.1C, 372, 523-524d, 1393, 8155R, 8347, 16209
Hap5010611 Just et al., 2008 L3b1a:15311 L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 15172R, 15758, 15941, 16399
Hap5010612 Just et al., 2008 none L3b1a:315.1C, 408A, 523-524d, 3866, 9055, 14554, 14791
Hap5018510 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3b1a:195 L3b1a:310, 523-524d, 4843, 5892, 10306N, 16186, 16266, 16291
Hap5018665 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3b1a:152 L3b1a:310, 523-524d, 9055, 9983, 16274
Hap5018714 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L3b1a:310, 4774N, 4776N
Hap5018825 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3b1a:195, 15311 L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16261
Hap5018828 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3b1a:15311 L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 6932, 7340, 10595
Hap5022083 Maca-Meyer et al., 2001 L3b1a:15944d L3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3492, 4164, 8393, 9305, 10424T, 15314
Hap5023203 Zheng et al., 2012 L3b1a:152, 15311, 16362 L3b1a:315.1C, 372, 523-524d, 3019, 4769N, 8347, 8860, 13830N, 15314, 15900

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068541United StatesUnited StatesCubaCuba
Hap10068542Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068543Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068544Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068545United StatesDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068546United StatesDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068550United StatesJamaicaJamaicaJamaica
Hap10068551JamaicaUnited StatesJamaicaJamaica
Hap10068552United StatesPanamaPanamaPanama
Hap10068553CanadaUnited KingdomPanamaPanama
Hap10068555Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068556Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068557Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068558United StatesPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068559United StatesUnited StatesPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068560United StatesUnited StatesPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068561United StatesUnited StatesPuerto RicoPuerto Rico

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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