Age: 49,689.3 ± 8,879.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Africa
Mutations: C151T T152C! C12816T (A16254G) A16316G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3
Descendant branch(s): L3a1 L3a2


Haplogroup L3a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L3a
Age: About 52,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Africa
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began about 50,000 years ago in what is modern-day Ethiopia. It is almost entirely restricted to this region today.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L3a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L3a152 523-524d 12816 16316Released 27 Aug 2008
02L3a152 523-524d 12816 16316Released 14 Oct 2008
03L3a152 12816 16316Released 1 Mar 2009
04L3a152 12816 16316Released 10 May 2009
05L3a152 12816 16316Released 8 Jul 2009
06L3a152 12816 16316Released 28 Sep 2009
07L3a152 12816 16316Released 10 Nov 2009
08L3a152 12816 16316Released 21 Mar 2010
09L3a152 12816 16316Released 20 Jun 2010
10L3a152 12816 16316Released 10 Aug 2010
11L3a152 12816 16316Released 7 Feb 2011
12L3a152 12816 16316Released 20 Jul 2011
13L3a152 12816 16316Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L3aT152C! C12816T A16316GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L3aT152C! C12816T A16316GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L3aC151T T152C! C12816T (A16254G) A16316GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3aC151T T152C! C12816T (A16254G) A16316GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5018398Soares et al., 2012L3a:16254L3a:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 709, 1520, 5261, 6023, 7948, 9117, 9399, 9932, 14668, 15803, 15835, 15905, 16148, 16169, 16213, 16240C, 16335, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 23, 2018 at 14:27 pm

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