Age: 67,262.0 ± 4,433.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Variants: A769G A1018G C16311T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3’4
Descendant branch(s): L3a L3b’f L3c’d L3e’i’k’x L3h M N

YFull Info

Name: L3
Age: 79800 to 62900 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: A769G A1018G C16311T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup L3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 62,800 and 71,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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This timeline is an overview of the L3 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the L3 lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L3
Age: 71,600 ± 14,750 Years Ago
Origin: Africa
Blurb: This branch of your ancestors’ journey was born to a woman around 72,000 years ago in Africa. This woman’s descendants would eventually account for both out-of-Africa maternal lineages and significant population migrations in Africa, and even take part in the Atlantic Slave Trade related dispersals from Africa.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 10 May 2009
05 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3 769 1018 16311 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3 A769G A1018G C16311T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3 A769G A1018G C16311T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3 A769G A1018G C16311T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3 A769G A1018G C16311T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5018531 Barbieri et al., 2012a L3 L3 L3:195, 16311 L3:189, 261N, 262N, 263N, 264N, 1438, 1869N, 1870N, 4216N, 4217N, 4218N, 8524N, 8525N, 8526N, 8527N, 14769, 15942N, 15943N, 15944N, 16292N, 16293N, 16294N, 16295N

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Africa

Last Updated: [lastupdated]


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