Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 71,383.9 ± 6,163.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: G4104A A7521G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2'3'4'6
Descendant branch(s): L3'4 L6


Haplogroup L3'4'6 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.


This timeline is an overview of the L3'4'6 branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the L3'4'6 lineage. (View in new tab.)

mtDNA Haplogroup L3'4'6 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L3'4'64104 7521Released 27 Aug 2008
02L3'4'64104 7521Released 14 Oct 2008
03L3'4'64104 7521Released 1 Mar 2009
04L3'4'64104 7521Released 10 May 2009
05L3'4'64104 7521Released 8 Jul 2009
06L3'4'6Released 28 Sep 2009
07L3'4'64104 7521Released 10 Nov 2009
08L3'4'64104 7521Released 21 Mar 2010
09L3'4'64104 7521Released 20 Jun 2010
10L3'4'64104 7521Released 10 Aug 2010
11L3'4'64104 7521Released 7 Feb 2011
12L3'4'64104 7521Released 20 Jul 2011
13L3'4'64104 7521Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L3'4'6G4104A A7521GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L3'4'6G4104A A7521GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L3'4'6G4104A A7521GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3'4'6G4104A A7521GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L3'4'6 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Africa

Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 16:55 pm

2018-10-14T16:55:38+00:00June 6th, 2016|