Age: 5,612.4 ± 3,630.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8856A C15263T T15458C A15703G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2d1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L2d1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 9,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2d1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2d1a8856 10700 15263 15458 15703 16311Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2d1a8856 15263 15458 15703Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2d1aG8856A C15263T T15458C A15703GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2d1aG8856A C15263T T15458C A15703GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2d1aG8856A C15263T T15458C A15703GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2d1aG8856A C15263T T15458C A15703GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2d1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000567Behar et al., 2008bL2d1a:16311L2d1a:315.1C, 3106N, 3591, 15691R, 16183C
Hap5009230Gonder et al., 2006L2d1a:16311L2d1a:315.1C, 527d, 4104, 16183C
Hap5009463Herrnstadt et al., 2002L2d1a:150, 152, 247, 456, 16187, 16223, 16230, 16300, 16311, 16354, 16390, 16399L2d1a:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5010807Kivisild et al., 2006L2d1a:150, 152, 247, 456, 16187, 16223, 16230, 16300, 16311, 16354, 16390, 16399L2d1a:1-435d, 9130A, 12630, 13239, 16022-16569d
Hap5015274Torroni et al., 2006L2d1a:16311L2d1a:315.1C, 9130A, 12630, 13239, 16093, 16293
Hap5018634Barbieri et al., 2012aL2d1a:16390L2d1a:309N, 310, 9290, 16093, 16129, 16352
Hap5018716Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2d1a:310, 523-524d, 13650, 14047N, 16093, 16183C
Hap5019375Barbieri et al., 2013aL2d1a:16300, 16311L2d1a:315.1C, 9801N, 13651, 14348N, 16078
Hap5023194Howell et al., 2004L2d1a:16311L2d1a:317.1C, 16093, 16192

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068499Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068500United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068501United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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