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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C13440T
Parent Branch: L2c
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L2c4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c4 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2c45201Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2c45201Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2c45201Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2c45201Released 10 May 2009
05L2c45201Released 8 Jul 2009
13L2c413440Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2c4C13440TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2c4C13440TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2c4C13440TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2c4C13440TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001473Behar et al., 2012bL2c4:16311L2c4:89, 266, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5451, 5471, 8901, 10586
Hap5010834Kivisild et al., 2006L2c4:93, 150, 182, 198, 247, 325, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16390L2c4:1-435d, 523-524d, 5471, 8329G, 10586, 16022-16569d
Hap5018528Barbieri et al., 2012aL2c4:93L2c4:3547, 12651, 13587, 15928
Hap5018619Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2c4:309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6518, 11197, 15917
Hap5018626Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2c4:309N, 310N, 3109N, 3110N, 6518, 11197, 15917

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068467United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068468South AfricaSouth AfricaUnspecifiedSouth Africa

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|