Age: 15,568.6 ± 4,757.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G513A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2c
Descendant branch(s): L2c3a


Haplogroup L2c3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,800 and 20,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2c3513Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2c3513Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2c3513Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2c3513Released 10 May 2009
05L2c3513Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2c3513Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2c3513Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2c3513Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2c3513Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2c3513Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2c3513Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2c3513Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2c3513Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2c3G513AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2c3G513AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2c3G513AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2c3G513AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004984Behar et al., 2012bnoneL2c3:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7403, 8125, 16086, 16193, 16519
Hap5018515Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2c3:153, 204, 313-317d, 4742, 4976, 8860, 9301
Hap5018622Barbieri et al., 2012aL2c3:93L2c3:153, 6248, 7214, 16167, 16519
Hap5018676Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2c3:89, 95C, 309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8860, 10306N, 16242, 16248.1A, 16519
Hap5023190Howell et al., 2004noneL2c3:317.1C, 482, 523-524d, 4561, 8764, 9804, 16193, 16519
Hap5023191Howell et al., 2004noneL2c3:315.1CC, 523-524d, 3105, 4561, 8764, 16193, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068440Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068441CanadaTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago
Hap10068442United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068443United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068444United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068445United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068446United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068447United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068448United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068449United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068450United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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