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Age: 11,131.0 ± 3,594.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T1040C C16264T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2c
Descendant branch(s): L2c2a L2c2b


Haplogroup L2c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,500 and 14,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 10 May 2009
05 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2c2 1040 16264 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2c2 T1040C C16264T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2c2 T1040C C16264T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2c2 T1040C C16264T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2c2 T1040C C16264T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000470 Behar et al., 2008b none L2c2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 4048, 4841, 5899.1C, 16134, 16519
Hap5000527 Behar et al., 2008b L2c2:198 L2c2:95C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2707, 3106N, 3861, 5250, 7918, 8557, 14968, 15482, 16519
Hap5010601 Just et al., 2008 none L2c2:315.1C, 523-524d, 14530, 16519
Hap5010604 Just et al., 2008 none L2c2:315.1C, 523-524d, 14182, 16519
Hap5018625 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2c2:16187 L2c2:189, 310, 1356T, 9548, 12867, 16519
Hap5018715 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2c2:182, 16311 L2c2:95C, 309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1664, 4561, 7082, 14047N, 15409, 16304, 16519
Hap5018747 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L2c2:207, 309N, 310, 316, 6221, 8413N, 16093, 16519
Hap5023187 Howell et al., 2004 none L2c2:199, 315.1CC, 523-524d, 5502, 6125, 13606, 15497, 16291, 16519
Hap5023188 Zheng et al., 2012 none L2c2:523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068394United States TerritoriesEl SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador
Hap10068395CanadaTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago
Hap10068396United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068397United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068398United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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