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Age: 17,761.5 ± 4,585.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T
Parent Branch: L2b'c
Descendant branch(s): L2c1 L2c2 L2c3 L2c4 L2c5


Haplogroup L2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,200 and 22,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2c325 523-524d 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2c325 523-524d 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2c325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2c325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 10 May 2009
05L2c325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2c93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2cA93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2cA93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2cA93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2cA93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000496Behar et al., 2008bnoneL2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 9300, 13470, 14311, 15367, 16261, 16266, 16362, 16519
Hap5001312Behar et al., 2012bnoneL2c:95C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2755, 8027, 9692R, 11440, 13656, 14353, 16362, 16399
Hap5001527Behar et al., 2012bnoneL2c:146, 199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5460, 11404
Hap5004336Behar et al., 2012bL2c:93L2c:315.1C, 523-524d, 4907, 6150, 14696, 15497, 16261, 16519
Hap5004478Behar et al., 2012bL2c:16189L2c:315.1C, 6203, 12909, 13470, 14311, 15367, 16183C, 16360, 16362, 16519
Hap5018646Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2c:315.1C, 523-524d, 850, 6293, 13759, 15883, 16355, 16519
Hap5018681Barbieri et al., 2012aL2c:4312, 13958CL2c:310, 311N, 523-524d, 4296N, 4297N, 4298N, 4309N, 4310N, 4311N, 4312N, 11852, 12011N, 13470, 13958N
Hap5018735Barbieri et al., 2012aL2c:93, 198L2c:309N, 310, 485, 5074, 8425, 12771, 14569, 16177, 16263

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068330United StatesUnited StatesCape VerdeCape Verde
Hap10068331United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10068332United StatesUnited StatesCubaCuba
Hap10068333Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10068334United StatesGuyanaGuyanaGuyana
Hap10068335Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068336Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10068338United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068339United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068340United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068341United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068342United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068343United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068344United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068345United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068346United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068347United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068348United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068349United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068350United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068351United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068352UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068353UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068354Puerto RicoPuerto RicoUnspecifiedPuerto Rico
Hap10068355Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoUnspecifiedTrinidad and Tobago
Hap10068356United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068357United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068358United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068359United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068360United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068361UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068362United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068363United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10068364United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|