Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 21,259.4 ± 6,347.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 15944.1T
Parent Branch: L2b
Descendant branch(s): L2b3a L2b3b L2b3c


Haplogroup L2b3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,900 and 27,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2b3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2b315944.1TReleased 27 Aug 2008
02L2b315944.1TReleased 14 Oct 2008
03L2b315944.1TReleased 1 Mar 2009
04L2b315944.1TReleased 10 May 2009
05L2b315944.1TReleased 8 Jul 2009
06L2b315944.1TReleased 28 Sep 2009
07L2b315944.1TReleased 10 Nov 2009
08L2b315944.1TReleased 21 Mar 2010
09L2b315944.1TReleased 20 Jun 2010
10L2b315944.1TReleased 10 Aug 2010
11L2b315944.1TReleased 7 Feb 2011
12L2b315944.1TReleased 20 Jul 2011
13L2b315944.1TReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2b315944.1TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2b315944.1TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2b315944.1TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2b315944.1TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2b3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|