Age: 5,294.2 ± 3,742.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C2332T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2a’b’c’d
Descendant branch(s): L2b’c

YFull Info

Name: L2b'c'd
Age: 75300 to 55200 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: -
 Variants: C2332T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup L2b’c’d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,600 and 9,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2b’c’d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
12 L2b’c’d 2332 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2b’c’d 2332 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2b’c’d C2332T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2b’c’d C2332T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2b’c’d C2332T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2b’c’d C2332T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2b’c’d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5018508 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2b'c'd L2b'c'd* L2b'c'd:8206, 9221, 11944, 13590 L2b'c'd:93, 95C, 152, 196N, 197N, 198N, 319N, 325, 700-709d, 750-769d, 1438, 3200N, 3745N, 4104, 7256, 7624N, 8206N, 8860N, 9540N, 9541N, 13650, 13928-13955d, 13957N, 13958N, 15110N, 15849N, 16223N, 16278N, 16318N, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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