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Age: 7,053.1 ± 2,881.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C198T G930A T3308C T8604C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2a1c
Descendant branch(s): L2a1c1a


Haplogroup L2a1c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,200 and 9,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1c1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 10 May 2009
05L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2a1c1198 930 3308 8604 16086Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1c1C198T G930A T3308C T8604C T16086CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1c1C198T G930A T3308C T8604CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1c1C198T G930A T3308C T8604CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1c1C198T G930A T3308C T8604CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016309Costa et al., 2009noneL2a1c1:315.1C, 5567, 8020, 9608, 16519
Hap5018565Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1c1:189, 315.1C, 2258N, 16519
Hap5018614Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1c1:143, 198, 16086L2a1c1:143N, 146, 310, 7349, 8413N, 15064, 16519
Hap5018679Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1c1:310, 3492N, 5290N, 14047N, 15277N, 16179, 16519
Hap5018769Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1c1:310N, 3109N, 5006, 6173, 16519
Hap5018829Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1c1:315.1C, 3535, 8701, 10536N, 11708, 12189, 15595A, 16519
Hap5019479Barbieri et al., 2013anoneL2a1c1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3488N, 3492N, 6173, 7702, 12361, 12406, 15001, 16519
Hap5023112Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1c1:150, 317.1C, 5471, 16051, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067663United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067664United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067665United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067666United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|