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Age: 7,942.7 ± 2,496.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16286T
Parent Branch: L2a1a
Descendant branch(s): L2a1a2a L2a1a2b L2a1a2c


Haplogroup L2a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,400 and 10,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2a1a416286Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2a1a416286Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2a1a416286Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2a1a416286Released 10 May 2009
06L2a1a216286Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2a1a216286Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2a1a216286Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2a1a216286Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2a1a216286Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2a1a216286Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2a1a216286Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2a1a216286Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1a2C16286TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1a2C16286TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1a2C16286TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1a2C16286TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000464Behar et al., 2008bnoneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 5442
Hap5000577Behar et al., 2008bnoneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 4739
Hap5000706Behar et al., 2008bnoneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 4561, 7795Y
Hap5004608Behar et al., 2012bnoneL2a1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 4231, 15454
Hap5005691Cerezo et al., 2012noneL2a1a2:315.1C
Hap5005697Cerezo et al., 2012L2a1a2:3918L2a1a2:315.1C
Hap5010112Ingman et al., 2000noneL2a1a2:315.1C, 6875A
Hap5010583Just et al., 2008noneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3987, 5978, 11696, 15927
Hap5010586Just et al., 2008noneL2a1a2:309.1CN, 315.1C
Hap5010592Just et al., 2008noneL2a1a2:315.1C, 513, 9587, 15617
Hap5015396van der Walt et al. 2012noneL2a1a2:5153, 11233, 15103, 15436
Hap5018514Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a2:16189L2a1a2:310, 12372, 16189N
Hap5018517Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309d, 315.1C, 3109N, 5911, 8477, 13753, 14180, 16264, 16274
Hap5018584Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309d, 315.1C, 16185
Hap5018589Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 499C, 7562, 16265C, 16355
Hap5018650Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1598, 1855, 4716N, 7389, 11644, 12469, 12857N, 16172
Hap5018656Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:3203T, 16214
Hap5018657Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:1231T, 16360
Hap5018692Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309N, 310, 5460, 16093
Hap5018702Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:310, 3438, 5290N, 9335, 13786A, 15769, 16223
Hap5018732Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:228, 309d, 315.1C, 16181, 16362
Hap5018753Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:310
Hap5018781Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a2:309d, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5563
Hap5019387Barbieri et al., 2013anoneL2a1a2:310, 311N, 1555, 4631
Hap5023095Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1a2:317.1C, 4216
Hap5023096Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1a2:315.1CC, 12351
Hap5023097Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1a2:315.1CC
Hap5023098Zheng et al., 2012L2a1a2:9221L2a1a2:4634, 13145, 13731N
Hap5023099Zheng et al., 2012nonenone
Hap5023100Zheng et al., 2012L2a1a2:3918none

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: June 26, 2016 at 20:33 pm

2016-06-26T20:33:25+00:00June 6th, 2016|