Age: 3,501.3 ± 2,646.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T6152C C15391T T16368C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L2a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 900 and 6,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L2a1a1523-524d 6152 15391 16368Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2a1a1523-524d 6152 15391 16368Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 10 May 2009
05L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2a1a16152 15391 16368Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1a1T6152C C15391T T16368CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1a1T6152C C15391T T16368CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1a1T6152C C15391T T16368CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1a1T6152C C15391T T16368CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005372Behar et al., 2012bnoneL2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 980, 5273, 16086, 16291
Hap5009458Herrnstadt et al., 2002L2a1a1:247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16294, 16309, 16311, 16368, 16390L2a1a1:1-576d, 14131, 16024-16569d
Hap5009465Herrnstadt et al., 2002L2a1a1:247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16294, 16309, 16311, 16368, 16390L2a1a1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5010540Just et al., 2008noneL2a1a1:309.1N, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5010548Just et al., 2008noneL2a1a1:309.1CN, 315.1C, 4772, 5263, 9212
Hap5018593Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a1:16294L2a1a1:313N, 314N, 2089N, 3107-3111d, 5290N, 10972N, 14323, 15867-15872d, 16093
Hap5018682Barbieri et al., 2012anoneL2a1a1:309N, 310, 14544, 15277N
Hap5018706Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a1:13803L2a1a1:310, 3492N, 13650, 14544
Hap5018725Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a1:16129L2a1a1:309N, 310, 5290N, 8425N, 16299
Hap5018771Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a1:16129L2a1a1:309N, 310, 16299
Hap5018779Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1a1:10688, 11944, 16129L2a1a1:310, 311N, 10688N, 11944N, 16299
Hap5023088Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1a1:293.1AT, 315.1CCC, 522.1ACCA, 14131
Hap5023089Howell et al., 2004L2a1a1:16189L2a1a1:315.1CC, 525.1ACCA
Hap5023090Howell et al., 2004noneL2a1a1:293.1AT, 315.1CC, 522.1ACCA, 7391, 10819, 14305
Hap5023091Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1a1:789, 3834, 16086
Hap5023092Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1a1:10828, 15358
Hap5023093Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1a1:12142
Hap5023094Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1a1:524.1ACAC, 2069, 10768, 12715, 16092, 16234

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067521United StatesBahamas, TheBahamas, TheBahamas, The
Hap10067524Costa RicaCosta RicaCosta RicaCosta Rica
Hap10067525Costa RicaCosta RicaCosta RicaCosta Rica
Hap10067527Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10067528United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067529United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: June 26, 2016 at 20:31 pm

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