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L2a1

Summary

Age: 23,821.9 ± 5,584.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T182C! A12693G T15784C A16309G
Parent Branch: L2a1'2'3'4
Descendant branch(s): L2a1a L2a1b L2a1c L2a1d L2a1e L2a1f L2a1g L2a1h L2a1i L2a1j L2a1k L2a1l L2a1m L2a1n L2a1o L2a1p L2a1q

Background

Haplogroup L2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 18,200 and 29,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01L2a1182 12693 15784 16309Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2a1182 12693 15784 16309Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2a1182 12693 15784 16309Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2a1182 12693 15784 16309Released 10 May 2009
05L2a1182 12693 15784 16309Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2a1182! 12693 15784 16309Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2a1T182C! A12693G T15784C A16309GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2a1T182C! A12693G T15784C A16309GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2a1T182C! A12693G T15784C A16309GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2a1T182C! A12693G T15784C A16309GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009767Herrnstadt et al., 2002L2a1:247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16294, 16309, 16311, 16390L2a1:1-576d, 2083, 4371, 9986, 14034, 14239, 16024-16569d
Hap5010881Kivisild et al., 2006L2a1:247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16294, 16309, 16311, 16390L2a1:1-435d, 6216, 16022-16569d
Hap5018767Barbieri et al., 2012aL2a1:16189L2a1:310, 3113.1A, 12453, 16519
Hap5023081Zheng et al., 2012noneL2a1:143, 5628, 5742-5748d, 7521N, 10143, 12241d, 16214, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10067409CubaCubaCubaCuba
Hap10067410United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10067411United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10067412United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10067413Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067414Dominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067415Puerto RicoDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067416United StatesDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067417NetherlandsEgyptEgyptEgypt
Hap10067418UnspecifiedHaitiHaitiHaiti
Hap10067419AustraliaAustraliaHungaryHungary
Hap10067420JamaicaJamaicaJamaicaJamaica
Hap10067421MexicoUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10067422United StatesSaint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevis
Hap10067423CanadaSomaliaSomaliaSomalia
Hap10067424SomaliaSomaliaSomaliaSomalia
Hap10067425SomaliaSomaliaSomaliaSomalia
Hap10067426SudanSudanSudanSudan
Hap10067427TunisiaTunisiaTunisiaTunisia
Hap10067428GermanyUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067429United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067430United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067431United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067432United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067433United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067434United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067435United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067436United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067437United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067438United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067439BrazilBrazilUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10067440SyriaSyriaUnspecifiedSyria
Hap10067441MoroccoUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10067442EgyptUnspecifiedUnspecifiedEgypt
Hap10067443SomaliaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedSomalia
Hap10067444United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10067445UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067446UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067447UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067448UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067449UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067450UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067451UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067452UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067453UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067454UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067455UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067456UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067457UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067458UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067459UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067460UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067461UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067462UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067463UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067464UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067465UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067466UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067467UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067468UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067469UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067470UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067471UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067472UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067473UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067474UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10067475UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: June 26, 2016 at 20:09 pm

2016-06-26T20:09:56+00:00June 6th, 2016|