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L2

Summary

Age: 88,453.2 ± 7,838.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: T146C! C150T T152C! T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A C16311T G16390A
Parent Branch: L2'3'4'6
Descendant branch(s): L2a L2a'b'c'd L2d L2e

Background

Haplogroup L2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 80,600 and 96,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Origin

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Age

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Ancient DNA

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Timeline

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National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L2
Age: 89,300 ± 21,500 Years Ago
Origin: Africa
Blurb: This branch of your direct maternal ancestors' journey began around 90,000 years ago in West Africa. Groups containing women from this lineage spread across West Africa and to Central Africa.

Geneticists consider this line the signature Bantu haplogroup. It accounts for around half the genetic lineages found in the southeast African Bantu populations. The great Bantu migrations of the first millennium BCE displaced and replaced many populations. Thus, the descendant groups of your lineage are present today at higher frequencies in many modern populations across Central and East Africa.

Interest Point: This—particularly the L2a subtype—is one of the more common lineages found in the descendants of Africans who were part of the triangular trade.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311 16390Released 27 Aug 2008
02L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311 16390Released 14 Oct 2008
03L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311 16390Released 1 Mar 2009
04L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311 16390Released 10 May 2009
05L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311 16390Released 8 Jul 2009
06L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 28 Sep 2009
07L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 10 Nov 2009
08L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 21 Mar 2010
09L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 20 Jun 2010
10L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 10 Aug 2010
11L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 7 Feb 2011
12L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 20 Jul 2011
13L2146 150 152 2416 8206 9221 10115 13590 16311! 16390Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L2T146C! C150T T152C! T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A C16311T G16390AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L2T146C! C150T T152C! T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A C16311T G16390AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L2T146C! C150T T152C! T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A C16311T G16390AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L2T146C! C150T T152C! T2416C G8206A A9221G T10115C G13590A C16311T G16390AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: October 4, 2018 at 20:08 pm

2018-10-04T20:08:43+00:00June 6th, 2016|