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Age: 2,738.8 ± 2,931.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A11317G G13708A T16209C
Parent Branch: L1c3b1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L1c3b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,700 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c3b1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 27 Aug 2008
02L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 14 Oct 2008
03L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 1 Mar 2009
04L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 10 May 2009
05L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 8 Jul 2009
06L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 28 Sep 2009
07L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 10 Nov 2009
08L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 21 Mar 2010
09L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 20 Jun 2010
10L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 10 Aug 2010
11L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 7 Feb 2011
12L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 20 Jul 2011
13L1c3b1a11317 13708 16209Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L1c3b1aA11317G G13708A T16209CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L1c3b1aA11317G G13708A T16209CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L1c3b1aA11317G G13708A T16209CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c3b1aA11317G G13708A T16209CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c3b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000269Batini et al., 2011L1c3b1a:6221AL1c3b1a:523-524d, 10042T
Hap5000584Behar et al., 2008bnoneL1c3b1a:211, 315.1C, 523-524d, 593, 3106N, 3200, 5291, 6179, 8277, 12735, 12855
Hap5001799Behar et al., 2012bnoneL1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 13740Y, 16111A
Hap5008567Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneL1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 13740Y, 16111A
Hap5009221Gonder et al., 2006L1c3b1a:151L1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5010796Kivisild et al., 2006L1c3b1a:146, 151, 182, 186A, 189C, 195, 316, 15905, 16017, 16163, 16209, 16230, 16293, 16294, 16360L1c3b1a:1-435d, 523-524d, 5237, 11812, 15907, 16017-16441d, 16447-16569d
Hap5012430Quintana-Murci et al., 2008noneL1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 10042T
Hap5019412Barbieri et al., 2013anoneL1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 8911
Hap5023074Zheng et al., 2012noneL1c3b1a:523-524d
Hap5023075Zheng et al., 2012noneL1c3b1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 10265

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067347United StatesUnited StatesDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067348El SalvadorEl SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador
Hap10067350Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10067351United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|