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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Africa
Mutations: A3349G C7675T G12771A
Parent Branch: L1c2b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L1c2b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Like her parent, the first woman from this branch lived in Africa. The date the line formed is not clear, because there have been so few from it tested.

There are two samples from this line published in research (Behar et al., 2012b and Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016). Both samples come from people who have donated their self-tested samples from research.

From Geno 2.0 data, samples with known maternal origins come from the British Territories, the United States, and Mexico. From this, we know that they come from descendants who were carried as part of the slave trade to South America from Africa.


mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16L1c2b1a1A3349G C7675T G12771AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c2b1a1A3349G C7675T G12771AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005222Behar et al., 2012bL1c2b1a1:5899.1CL1c2b1a1:183, 315.1C, 2162, 2352, 5899.1CC, 7854, 10978, 11350, 16286G
Hap5008466Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016L1c2b1a1:2395d, 16093L1c2b1a1:315.1C, 2395-2399d, 3106N, 3912, 8573, 16162, 16286G

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067237Virgin IslandsVirgin IslandsBritish TerritoriesBritish Territories
Hap10067238United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10067239United KingdomUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067240United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067241United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Africa, British Territories, and Virgin Islands

Last Updated: Last updated: July 26, 2016 at 14:26 pm

2016-07-26T14:26:51+00:00June 6th, 2016|