Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 29,466.8 ± 6,233.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: T5580C C6209T A14071G
Parent Branch: L1c2b1a'b
Descendant branch(s): L1c2b1a1


Haplogroup L1c2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 23,200 and 35,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

With an origin in Africa, what is known about this lineage comes from two published research studies (Batini et al., 2011 and Zheng et al., 2012). The first found a member of this line in a West Central African Pygmy group. The second found a member of this line in the Luhya from Webuye, Kenya. The Luhya are a Bantu group.


mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L1c2b1a513 2220Released 27 Aug 2008
02L1c2b1a513 2220Released 14 Oct 2008
03L1c2b1a513 2220Released 1 Mar 2009
04L1c2b1a513 2220Released 10 May 2009
05L1c2b1a513 2220Released 8 Jul 2009
06L1c2b1a513 2220Released 28 Sep 2009
07L1c2b1a513 2220Released 10 Nov 2009
08L1c2b1a513 2220Released 21 Mar 2010
09L1c2b1a513 2220Released 20 Jun 2010
10L1c2b1a513 2220Released 10 Aug 2010
14L1c2b1aT5580CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L1c2b1aT5580CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L1c2b1aT5580C C6209T A14071GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c2b1aT5580C C6209T A14071GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000324Batini et al., 2011L1c2b1a:5899.1C, 16093L1c2b1a:6125, 7010, 13506, 15514, 16187, 16286A
Hap5023065Zheng et al., 2012L1c2b1a:16093L1c2b1a:2758, 6125, 7010, 13506, 15514, 16187N, 16260, 16286A, 16320

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Luhya and Pygmies | Places: Kenya and Webuye

Last Updated: Last updated: July 26, 2016 at 15:03 pm

2016-07-26T15:03:34+00:00June 6th, 2016|