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Age: Undetermined
Origin: Africa
Mutations: A2220G
Parent Branch: L1c2b1
Descendant branch(s): L1c2b1a L1c2b1b


Haplogroup L1c2b1a'b is an African branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

What we know of it comes from two published studies (Kivisild et al., 2006 and Torroni et al., 2006). Both papers found this lineage in people from the Dominican Republic.

Geno 2.0 data includes people whose maternal origin traces to Cuba, Jamaica, and the United States.

Some people from the L1c2b1a daughter branch are present in both African Pygmy and Bantu tribal groups. This indicates that Africa was the origin for the line and that modern descendants reached North and South America through historic slave trade.

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a'b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16L1c2b1a'bA2220GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c2b1a'bA2220GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c2b1a'b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010793Kivisild et al., 2006L1c2b1a'b:146, 151, 182, 186A, 189C, 198, 297, 316, 5899.1C, 10793, 16093, 16230, 16265C, 16294, 16360, 16527L1c2b1a'b:1-435d, 513, 1598, 5162, 6962, 11252, 11959, 12477, 12540, 15929, 16022-16569d
Hap5015271Torroni et al., 2006L1c2b1a'b:189C, 16093L1c2b1a'b:189, 200, 315.1C, 513, 1598, 5162, 6962, 11252, 11959, 12477, 12540, 15929, 16032.1TCTCTGTTCTTTCAT, 16278, 16286G

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067228United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067229United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10067230United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Africa, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Jamaica

Last Updated: Last updated: July 26, 2016 at 16:04 pm

2016-07-26T16:04:51+00:00June 6th, 2016|