Age: 46,641.0 ± 8,979.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4454a T8087C T14088C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L1c1a’b’d
Descendant branch(s): L1c1a1 L1c1a2


Haplogroup L1c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 37,700 and 55,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 27 Aug 2008
02L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 14 Oct 2008
03L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 1 Mar 2009
04L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 10 May 2009
05L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 8 Jul 2009
06L1c1a4454A 8087 14088Released 28 Sep 2009
07L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 10 Nov 2009
08L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 21 Mar 2010
09L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 20 Jun 2010
10L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 10 Aug 2010
11L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 7 Feb 2011
12L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 20 Jul 2011
13L1c1a198! 4454A 8087 14088Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L1c1aT4454a T8087C T14088CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L1c1aT4454a T8087C T14088CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L1c1aT4454a T8087C T14088CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L1c1aT4454a T8087C T14088CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1c1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004633Behar et al., 2012bnoneL1c1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 1762, 3969, 4219, 4225, 6578C, 8841, 9830, 10976, 11044, 12281, 13260, 16093, 16263, 16368

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10067073United StatesDominican RepublicDominican RepublicDominican Republic
Hap10067076United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: September 26, 2016 at 2:36 am

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