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L1

Summary

Age: 128,520.9 ± 11,076.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Africa
Mutations: G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L1’2’3’4’5’6
Descendant branch(s): L1b L1c

Background

Haplogroup L1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 117,400 and 139,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Origin

Coming Soon

Age

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Ancient DNA

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Timeline

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National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: L1
Age: 140,600 ± 33,350 Years Ago
Origin: Africa
Blurb: This point in your direct maternal ancestors’ travels began on the coast of Central Africa around 140,000 years ago. From there, groups containing woman from this lineage spread north and south. Over time, they spread west across much of Africa.

As one of the two major lineages in modern populations, this line’s founder is the ancestress of not only many peoples in Africa but also, through its subtypes, of all people to take part in out-of-Africa movements.

However, others remained in Africa. Groups containing women from this lineage expanded into West Africa and there passed through a population bottleneck event that left them the dominant lineages in the region. The great Bantu migrations of the first millennium B.C. displaced and replaced many populations containing the original founding lineage. Thus, the descendant groups of the Bantu lineages are present today at higher frequencies in many parts of Central and East Africa.

Interest Point: It is only recently that these ancient lineages, outside of the out-of-Africa subtypes, have traveled from the African continent. This resent dispersal is primarily the product of the Atlantic slave trade. Many people in the Americas who are from your branch share direct maternal lineages with individuals from West Africa.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup L1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 10 May 2009
05 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L1 3666 7055 7389 13789 14178 14560 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L1 G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L1 G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L1 G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L1 G3666A A7055G T7389C T13789C T14178C G14560A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup L1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: October 4, 2018 at 20:06 pm

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