Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • Z1a Z1a

    Haplogroup Z1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,500 and 9,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z1a1 Z1a1

    Haplogroup Z1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z1a1a Z1a1a

    Haplogroup Z1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,500 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z1a1b Z1a1b

    Haplogroup Z1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Z1a2 Z1a2

    Haplogroup Z1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z1a2a Z1a2a

    Haplogroup Z1a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Z1a3 Z1a3

    Haplogroup Z1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Z2 Z2

    Haplogroup Z2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 3,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z3 Z3

    Haplogroup Z3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,400 and 20,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z3a Z3a

    Haplogroup Z3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,500 and 13,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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