Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • Y1b Y1b

    Haplogroup Y1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,300 and 14,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Y1b1 Y1b1

    Haplogroup Y1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Y1b1a Y1b1a

    Haplogroup Y1b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Y2 Y2

    Haplogroup Y2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Y2a Y2a

    Haplogroup Y2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Y2a1 Y2a1

    Haplogroup Y2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Y2a1a Y2a1a

    Haplogroup Y2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • Y2b Y2b

    Haplogroup Y2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z Z

    Haplogroup Z is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,300 and 30,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Z1 Z1

    Haplogroup Z1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,100 and 20,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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