Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • X2p X2p

    Haplogroup X2p is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • X2p1 X2p1

    Haplogroup X2p1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

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  • X3 X3

    Haplogroup X3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 14,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • X3a X3a

    Haplogroup X3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 6,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X4 X4

    Haplogroup X4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,200 and 15,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • Y Y

    Haplogroup Y is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 17,500 and 31,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

    People: Places:

     
  • Y1 Y1

    Haplogroup Y1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • Y1a Y1a

    Haplogroup Y1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • Y1a1 Y1a1

    Haplogroup Y1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
  • Y1a2 Y1a2

    Haplogroup Y1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

    People: Places:

     
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