Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins

Encyclopedia mtDNA Origins
The Encyclopedia of mtDNA Origins is a guide to what is known about each mtDNA branch. Today, much of what we know is raw material from Geno 2.0 results, Genbank samples, and published papers. This is built around the structure of the mtDNA Phylotree. The encyclopedia brings the data from those sources together in a format that allows new knowledge of our maternal origins to emerge.

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  • X2a’j X2a’j

    Haplogroup X2a’j is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 14,000 and 20,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1 X2a1

    Haplogroup X2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,300 and 10,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1a X2a1a

    Haplogroup X2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 9,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1a1 X2a1a1

    Haplogroup X2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,600 and 5,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1b X2a1b

    Haplogroup X2a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 6,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1b1 X2a1b1

    Haplogroup X2a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 600 and 4,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1b1a X2a1b1a

    Haplogroup X2a1b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,300 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a1c X2a1c

    Haplogroup X2a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 6,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2a2 X2a2

    Haplogroup X2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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  • X2b X2b

    Haplogroup X2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,200 and 12,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

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